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    主頁 > 作家 > 朱自清 >

    朱自清散文欣賞

    朱自清

    朱自清簡介

    朱自清

    朱自清,現代著名散文家、詩人、學者、民主戰士。其散文樸素縝密、清雋沉郁、語言洗煉、文筆清麗、極富有真情實感。朱自清以獨特的美文藝術風格,為中國現代散文增添了瑰麗的色彩,為建立中國現代散文全新的審美特征創造了具有中國民族特色的散文體制和風格。

    朱自清的文學創作成就主要集中在散文和詩歌方面,其中又以散文成就為大。朱自清的眾多散文,讀了之后被人嘆為奇跡,譽為“白話美術文的模范”。例如《槳聲燈影里的秦淮河》、《背影》、《溫州蹤跡・綠》、《荷塘月色》、《給亡婦》等佳作,都令讀者如癡如醉,好評如潮。而朱自清的散文之所以優美動人,主要得益于以下兩個方面:

    其一,精巧的結構藝術。朱自清的散文結構,可以分為縱式結構、橫式結構、自由結構。縱式結構的散文一般以時間、人物活動或事件發展為序,循序漸進,環環相扣,如朱自清的《執政府大屠殺記》、《槳聲燈影里的秦淮河》、《松堂游記》。《背影》。《旅行雜記》等。橫式結構的散文木注重對事情發展始末進行記敘,而是集中筆墨寫出幾個剖面片斷,用主旨聯貫內容,渾然一體,如他的《春》、《冬天》、《南京》、《威尼斯》等。自由結構的散文,其記敘、議論、抒情融洽無間、縱橫自如、生動跳躍,如詩歌般敏捷靈活、馳騁無際,如《溫州的蹤跡》、《匆匆》、《兒女》等。朱自清的散文并無定態,但有獨到的藝術特色,值得讀者玩味借鑒。

    朱自清的散文構思精巧、結構多變,很講究層次間起伏跌宕。雖然沒有長江大河浩蕩奔騰的氣勢,但有涓涓細流的曲折委婉,別有一番滋味。例如《背影》這篇散文,就是緊扣文眼而結構全文。它的結構重心,始終沒有偏離“背影”這一焦點。全文共有四次寫到背影。第一次是下筆入題,“我最不能忘記的是他的背影”。第二次是實寫,用筆較濃,具體而細膩。第三次是離開車站時,只是虛帶一句。第四次是記憶中的背影,是多年強烈思念而產生的景象。由此可以看出作者大膽地因枝剪葉,戴花取勢,使散文疏密相間、詳略得當、虛實交雜。

    其二,優美的語言藝術。朱自清堪稱新文學史上一位出色的語言大師,他的散文語言有自己獨特的風格。他的散文語言通俗易懂,明白如話,注意運用北京知識分子的口語,我們不妨稱為通俗美。不論是樸素動人的《背影》,明凈淡雅的《荷塘月色》,委婉動人的《兒女》,抑或是《槳聲燈影里的秦淮河》、《溫州的蹤跡》還是《擇偶記》《臺州的冬天》都能以平常人說話的口吻來寫作,從口語中提煉出有力的表現方式,寫得樸素淡雅,猶如清水芙蓉。

    朱自清的經典優美的散文、詩歌在線欣賞,例如背影、荷塘月色、匆匆、春.....——天下美文網。

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